What are the different types of coffee beans?

Coffee Obsessed? Learn More About It: What Are The Different Types Of Coffee Beans?

If you are coffee obsessed and cannot last a day without it, you should pay your respect to it and widen your knowledge on the topic of coffee. You can start with the following guide that will answer the question: What are the different types of coffee beans?

Feel free to use this knowledge to show off while you are drinking a cup of coffee on a date!

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Explore The World Of Coffee: What Are The Different Types Of Coffee Beans?

Although there are as much as twenty-five types of coffee, only three of them are commercially grown and consumed. An average coffee-consumer might not be interested in learning about this, but a true coffee enthusiast surely will.

So, these three types of coffee beans are as follows:

  • Coffee Arabica
  • Coffee Robusta (Coffea Canephora)
  • The blended type

Coffee Arabica

Cofffee Arabica

Coffee Arabica [a-rã-bik-a or ar-a-bë-ka] accounts for almost 70% of coffee that is bought and drunk around the globe due to being of higher quality in comparison to the coffee Robusta.

How does it taste? Coffee Arabica features a sweet and mild flavor- a lot sweeter and fruitier than coffee Robusta. Its acidity is higher than that of Robusta as well.

Where is it grown? Predominantly, Arabica is grown on the steep terrain in Latin America. It is impossible to harvest it mechanically, and it is thus hand-picked. Handpicking is one of the reasons why this coffee is of such high quality.

Namely, when the coffee is picked by hand, every bean can be examined, and all the damaged or compromised beans can be discarded immediately. There will also be no unripe or overripe beans as only ripe ones are selected for use.

Where can you buy coffee Arabica? It is considered to be of a higher value taste, a true gourmet coffee, and is thus mostly sold by specialty coffee shops rather than in supermarkets or local stores.

Coffee Robusta Or Canephora

Canephora

Coffee Robusta [roh-buhs-tuh] accounts for approximately 27% of the world coffee bean market. This species is also known as coffea Canephora or the Congo Coffee (this is most often heard in the world of trade).

How does it taste? Robusta has a higher caffeine content and thus a harsher, stronger taste as well. It leaves an aftertaste that will remind you of peanuts and a grain-like tinge. Although it features double the amount of caffeine than Arabica type, it is still inferior when compared to it.

Where is it grown? It is predominantly grown in the Eastern Hemisphere, Indonesia, West Africa, Brazil, and Vietnam. It is significantly easier to grow than Arabica coffee as it can be cultivated at much lower elevations.

Besides that, Robusta is also less vulnerable to weather elements and less prone to diseases. It gives a higher yield as well.

Where can you buy coffee Robusta? As it is cheaper to produce, it is cheaper when it hits the market as well. However, it is less popular than Arabica due to the lower taste profile and is thus mostly sold for use in instant coffee at the supermarkets all around the world.

Blending Varieties

Coffee Liberica

As the name suggests this type of coffee came about by combining the beans that complement one another (Coffee Liberica for example). However, the popularity of the two types already mentioned is noticeably higher and those two types thus deserve our attention more.

Selective Coffee Breeding: The Most Popular Coffee Cultivars

In order to create plants that will resist diseases better, give a greater yield or ease the production process, people have turned to selective breeding 

Many cultivars have been developed by the process of grafting from coffee Arabica and Robusta aiming to create more commercially important coffee plants. Breed selection is a guarantee of success and quality as well.

Cultivars Of Coffee Arabica

Coffee Breeding

1. Typica - the oldest Arabica cultivar that has originated, and is mostly grown, in Latin America and Asia. Typica originated from Yemen stock and was next taken to India and Indonesia by the Dutch.

Through genetical evolution, Typica yielded new varietals with different characteristics such as Arabigo (Americas), Blue Mountain (Jamaica, Papua New Guinea), Criollo (South America), Kona (Hawaii), San Bernardo & San Ramon (Brazil), etc.

2. Bourbon - it was first planted in the 1700-s on the island of Bourbon by the French who have received the plant from the Dutch. It was then taken to Brazil, and later on throughout Brazil spread through entire Latin America. Toda people refer to El Salvador as the Bourbon Country.

It is interesting to know that Bourbon coffee plants yield 20–30% more fruit than Typica cultivar.

3. Colombian - it originates from Colombia, of course, and was first planted in the early 1800s- It now has its own cultivars: Maragogipe and Caturra.

It is very aromatic and features a bright acidity when fresh roasted. Thanks to this cultivar Colombia accounts for almost 12% of the world’s coffee market, right behind Brazil and Vietnam. The cup quality is considered to be average.

4. Wild Coffee - It is also known as Coffea racemosa Lour and is native to Ethiopia.

5. Blue Mountain - The Blue Mountain coffee is commonly known as Jamaican or Kenyan coffee too. It originated in Jamaica and thus the name. It is now widely cultivated in in Hawaii, Kenya, and PNG too.

It is considered to be high-quality variety as it produces great flavor and a pleasant nutty aroma, but some even describe it as beef-bullion like. The acidity is bright.

6. Caturra - In comparison to other cultivars, this one is rather new. It gives a great yield, matures quite quickly and is not prone to the diseases that old Arabica coffee varieties tend to suffer from.